Mental disorders refer to clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndromes that are manifest in an individual.
- Distress significantly causing clinical symptoms to the individual.
- Reduced social and economic contribution hence poor interpersonal relationships.
- Impairment in individual, social and occupational functioning brings about disability , suffering,pain, loss of freedom including institutionalization and death.
- Deviation from statistical norm.
According to the DSM IV TR there are a number of Mental Disorders, these include the following:
- Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy, Childhood and Adolescence (Mental retardation, Learning Disorders, Motor Skills Disorder, Communication Disorders, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, ADHD, Conduct Disorder, Feeding and Eating Disorders of Infancy or Early Childhood,Tic Disorders).
- Delirium, Dementia, and Amnestic and other Cognitive Disorders.
- Mental Disorders Due to a General Medical Condition.
- Substance-Related Disorders.
- Schizophrenia and other Psychotic Disorders.
- Mood Disorders
- Anxiety Disorders
- Somatoform Disorders
- Factitious Disorders
- Dissociative Disorders
- Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders
- Eating Disorders
- Sleep Disorders
- Impulse-Control Disorders Not Otherwise Classified.
- Adjustment Disorders
- Personality Disorders